Coupling REnewable, Storage and ICTs, for Low carbon Intelligent Energy maNagemenT at district level
Growing investments in distributed energy resources (DER) – renewable distributed energy generation combined with demand response, energy storage, plug-in electric vehicles and active management of distribution networks – will require new business and technology platforms to manage the increased level of diversity and complexity of global energy management. The increasing variability of both generation and loads will also require more sophisticated and decentralized decision making.
The Heat4Cool concept proposes innovative, efficient and cost-effective solutions that support EU energy efficiency policies through an optimal integration of relevant rehabilitation systems. The project develops, integrates and demonstrates an easy to install and highly energy efficient solution for building retrofitting. The process that begins from the Heat4Cool advanced decision-making tool, (which addresses the building and district characteristics ) and leads to the optimal solution.
As stated in EU Strategy for Heating and Cooling, “large-scale demonstration projects of energy-efficient and low/zero-carbon technologies are needed to help reduce technical and market barriers by providing robust data to evaluate their performance in each market segment”. At this purpose SunHorizon aims to be a breakthrough demonstration to market project involving 21 partners’ expertise and 8 demo sites all around EU focusing its Research and demonstration activities on “reducing system costs and improving performance as well as optimising existing technologies for heating and cooling applications and for some of the most promising market segments”.
Saving Energy in Europe’s Public Buildings Using ICT
To substantially reduce peak and overall demand for energy and water across EU public buildings, the project will develop a service comprising innovative ICT-based energy decision support, awareness and management service components. Decision support is provided directly to city energy managers and other professionals responsible for building performance, and to building users, both staff and visitors to the building, including school pupils and university students and the general public, enabling all to optimise their energy-related behaviour based on up-to-date meter feedback on energy consumption.
GrowSmarter aims to: • Improve the quality of life for European citizens by better mobility, housing and the quality of urban infrastructure while improving the citizens economy by lower energy costs and creating as much as 1500 new jobs (on the demonstration level). • Reduce the environmental impact by lower energy needs by 60 % and increased use of renewable energy thus reducing GHG emissions even more. • Create sustainable economic development by demonstrating and preparing a wider rollout of smart solutions.
High-capacity and high-performance Thermal energy storage Capsule for low-carbon and energy efficient heating and cooling systems
The Hi-ThermCap project offers a solution for the macro-encapsulation of phase-change materials (PCM) for use in gaseous and aqueous systems as a heat transfer medium. The expected outcome of this innovation project is to put at the market’s disposal a unique solution for thermal energy storage in heating and cooling systems in Europe. The heating industry is recognized as the sector with the biggest energy-saving potential in Europe. In the low temperature range of -20 to +100°C, most of the thermal energy amounts are required and then discarded, in particular in our buildings and industries.
Efficient system to enable storage of high temperature solar heat energy
Heating and cooling account for 49% of world energy demand, this requires significant fuel sources to satisfy demand and attention has now become focussed on renewable sources such as wind, wave and solar. Currently there are problems associated with using solar heat for industrial processes. Chief among these is that the availability of heat is not synchronised with the demand for it, with the additional complication that solar availability undergoes natural fluctuations according to weather patterns.
More Effective use of Renewables Including compact seasonal Thermal energy Storage
As Europe moves towards low and zero-carbon housing, challenges arise in the management of building integrated renewable energy technologies. Electricity generating RES have the benefit of electrical connection and financial mechanisms allowing feed-in to the network. Thermal technologies do not have such general interconnectivity and therefore rely on sizing typically meeting 90% of summer demands in moderate climates. This approach provides little benefit in winter. Therefore an obvious approach is that of thermal energy storage that overcomes issues of heat loss, substantially increasing the overall use of RES in buildings throughout the seasons.
Solar Thermochemical Compact Storage System
SoTherCo’s major objective is to install, monitor and assess an innovative modular, compact and seasonal thermo-chemical solar heat-storage system, namely the SoTherCo HSS (Heat-Storage System). The modular design, based on the proper arrangement of ~1000L heat-storage modules, is intended to offer the needed flexibility and adaptation to answer the space-heating demand of low-energy buildings, from a single family dwelling up to communities and district heating.
Thermal Energy Storage for Sustainable Energy Technology
Efficient short and long term thermal energy storage technologies are crucial in enhancing energy security and in improving energy efficiency in energy conversion, distribution and end use. This is underlined by several (inter)national technology visions and roadmaps, for example in the 2013 update of the Strategic Research Priorities of the European Solar Thermal Technology Panel (ESTTP) or the solar thermal roadmap of the Austrian Solar Thermal Technology Panel (Solarwärme 2020).